Creating Windows Buildout Project

試著在 Windows 建立 Plone 4.1.2 的 Buildout 專案環境,事先要安裝 Python 2.6.7、PyWin32PIL 1.1.6easy_installSubversionGit。再下載安裝 zopeskel:

C:\> easy_install zopeskel

接著,可以用 zopeskel 來建立 Buildout 專案,範例指令如下:

C:\> mkdir Plone
C:\> cd Plone
C:\Plone> zopeskel basic_buildout

basic_buildout: A basic buildout skeleton
This creates a basic skeleton for a buildout.
Enter project name: myproj

If at any point, you need additional help for a question, you can enter
'?' and press RETURN.

Expert Mode? (What question mode would you like? (easy/expert/all)?) ['easy']:


You don't have the C version of NameMapper installed!
I'm disabling Cheetah's useStackFrames option as it is painfully slow
with the Python version of NameMapper.
You should get a copy of Cheetah with the compiled C version of NameMapper.
You don't have the C version of NameMapper installed!

剛建立的 myproj 專案目錄裡,只有 bootstrap.py 和 buildout.cfg 兩個檔案,執行 python bootstrap.py 之後,會建立必要的目錄架構,特別是 bin 目錄裡會建立 buildout 工具程式,額外的撇步是指定 zc.buildout 版本是 1.4.4,不然預設裝的 1.5.2 版本會造成衝突,範例訊息如下:

C:\Plone\myproj> python bootstrap.py -v 1.4.4
Downloading http://pypi.python.org/packages/2.6/s/setuptools/setup
Creating directory 'C:\\Plone\\myproj\\bin'.
Creating directory 'C:\\Plone\\myproj\\parts'.
Creating directory 'C:\\Plone\\myproj\\eggs'.
Creating directory 'C:\\Plone\\myproj\\develop-eggs'.
Getting distribution for 'setuptools'.
Got setuptools 0.6c12dev-r88846.
Generated script 'C:\\Plone\\myproj\\bin\\buildout'.

預設的 buildout.cfg 檔案內容如下:

parts =

recipe = zc.recipe.egg
eggs =

不過,我並沒使用這個 buildout.cfg 內容,而是直接複製 Linux 環境上安裝的 *.cfg 檔案,修改 base.cfg 和 lxml_static.cfg 的 eggs-directory 和 download-cache 配合 Windows 環境的目錄,再執行 buildout:

C:\Plone\myproj> bin\buildout -c develop.cfg
mr.developer: Creating missing sources dir C:\Plone\myproj\src.
Getting distribution for 'zc.recipe.egg==1.2.2'.
Got zc.recipe.egg 1.2.2.
Getting distribution for 'plone.recipe.zope2instance==4.1.9'.
Got plone.recipe.zope2instance 4.1.9.
Getting distribution for 'Zope2==2.13.10'.
Installing Zope2 2.13.10
Caused installation of a distribution:
zope2 2.13.10
with a different project name.
Got zope2 2.13.10.
Getting distribution for 'mailinglogger==3.3.3'.
Got mailinglogger 3.3.3.
Getting distribution for 'nt-svcutils==2.13.0'.
Got nt-svcutils 2.13.0.
Getting distribution for 'Products.StandardCacheManagers==2.13.0'.
Installing Products.StandardCacheManagers 2.13.0
Caused installation of a distribution:
products.standardcachemanagers 2.13.0
with a different project name.
Got products.standardcachemanagers 2.13.0.
Getting distribution for 'Products.PythonScripts==2.13.0'.

安裝 Pillow 時,需要安裝 Visual Studio 2008 Express,據說 2008 之外的版本並不行:

error: Setup script exited with error: Unable to find vcvarsall.bat
An error occured when trying to install Pillow 1.7.2. Look above this message fo
r any errors that were output by easy_install.
  Installing instance.
  Getting distribution for 'Pillow==1.7.2'.
Error: Couldn't install: Pillow 1.7.2

編譯 lxml 如果遇到錯誤,要補足需要的檔案,以 Plone 4.1.3 為例,要下載 lxml 2.3.2 的原始碼。如果沒成功的話,還可以試試直接安裝較低的 lxml 版本

No comments: